[10][11][12], On 13 January 2005, Zhang Chunxian, China's Minister of Transport announced that China would build a network of 85,000 kilometres (53,000 mi) expressways over the next three decades, connecting all provincial capitals and cities with a population of over 200,000 residents. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China, Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China, Impacts of the National Trunk Highway System on accessibility in China, 国家高速公路网规划 (National Trunk Highway System Planning), "USATODAY.com - China's highways go the distance", "Huabei Expressway Co., Ltd.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg", "Northeast Expressway Co. Ltd.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg", "Guangxi Wuzhou Transportation Construction Development Co Ltd: Company Profile", https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/7778/495620ESW0WHIT1ty1P11030101English1.pdf, China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition, Transport by province or autonomous region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Expressways_of_China&oldid=986828165, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from April 2018, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from April 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. For national expressways, it will be red; for regional ones, it will be orange-yellow. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. The expressway was opened on September 25, 1993 and later became part of the G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway. You only have access to basic statistics. Many expressways have digital displays. In, Ministry of Transport of China. Also appearing from time to time are signs signaling the overtaking lane (which legally should only be used to pass other cars). "Total length of express ways in China from 2009 to 2019 (in kilometers)." G11, G35). All rights reserved. The present-day network announced in 2017, termed the 7, 11, 18 Network (also known as the National Trunk Highway System, NTHS), uses one, two or four digits in the G-series numbering system, leaving three-figured G roads as the China National Highways. G9411). You need a Single Account for unlimited access. For regional ring expressways in the 7, 11, 18 network, use numbers from 91-99 (e.g. On overtaking lanes, however, this could be as high as 100 km/h to 110 km/h. G0422, here the corresponding main line with a single digit should follow a "0" to be distinguished with CNH). For regional expressways, the prefix S (short for "shengji" or "provincial") is used instead, as well as the one-character abbreviation of the province and "高速" (expressway, black letters on an orange-yellow stripe on top of the sign.) Length of network as of 1 January of the respective year. It the first expressway in mainland China that uses a World Bank loan for international open bidding. In December 1987, construction of the 142.69 kilometers long Jingjintang Expressway started, connecting the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, and the province of Hebei. The private companies raise money through bond and stock offerings and recover money through tolls. We can sell them dates and introduce them to scenic spots along the route. On a nationwide basis, expressways use the G prefix (short for "guojia" in Chinese meaning "national"), as well as the character "国家高速" (National Expressway, white letters on a red stripe on top of the sign). CNY 5) usually apply regardless of distance. Express ways are the highest classification for highways in China. Beijing, in particular, has a dedicated ETC lane at almost all toll gates. [1][dead link][3] On 13 January 2005, Zhang Chunxian, China's Minister of Transport introduced the 7918 network, later renamed the 71118 network, composed of a grid of 7 radial expressways from Beijing, 9 north–south expressways (increased to 11), and 18 east–west expressways that would form the backbone of the national expressway system. For city ring expressways, use "0" plus an order number after the main line number, starting from the smallest possible number (e.g. The first modern at-grade China National Highways is the Shanghai–Jiading Expressway, opened in October 1988. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. [4], In 2014, Wang Tai, deputy director of the Highway Bureau of the Ministry of Transport, introduced the national toll highway mileage and mainline toll stations. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. Unlike the road networks in most nations, most Chinese expressways are not directly owned by the state, but rather are owned by for-profit corporations (which have varying amounts of public and private ownership) which borrow money from banks or securities markets based on revenue from projected tollways. Please do not hesitate to contact me. [18] Tolls are roughly around CNY 0.5 per kilometre, and minimum rates (e.g. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. Goals include making traffic travel more convenient and developing a variety of regions, as well as more focus to the highways and expressways of the western regions of China. [citation needed], The construction fund will come from vehicle purchase tax, fees and taxes collected by local governments, state bonds, domestic investment and foreign investment. facts. All expressways have a thin band on top of the sign. [6] Planned length is 168,478 kilometeres by 2020. [2][dead link][4], By the end of 2019, the total length of China's expressway network reached 149,600 kilometers,[5] the world's largest expressway system by length, having surpassed the overall length of the American Interstate Highway System in 2011. From 2005 to 2010, the annual investment was planned to run from 140 billion yuan (17 billion US dollars) to 150 billion yuan (18 billion US dollars), while from 2010 to 2020, the annual investment planned is to be around 100 billion yuan (12 billion US dollars). China now has over 130,000 kilometers of highways nationwide, according to an official census on the country’s expressways. Nonetheless, the fatality rate on Chinese expressways is five times higher than Corporate solution including all features. You need at least a Single Account to use this feature. Passage through these expressways is relatively faster but it is economically less advantageous. Serves new urbanization and urban agglomerations, and connecting cities and cities within urban agglomerations between cities and cities is the key to construction; Supports poverty alleviation and cracks down on poverty by linking between cities and regions; Efforts are made to improve the efficiency of transportation, so that the freeway and other modes of transport can be seamlessly connected or transferred and the overall transportation efficiency can be improved. Officially, "expressway" is used for both expressways and express routes, which is also the standard used here. [16][17], China has an extensive tollway system, which composed of nearly all expressways as well as having around 70% of the world's tollways. Signs urging drivers to slow down, warning about hilly terrain, banning driving in emergency lanes, or about different road surfaces are also present. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook western countries which have a 0.7 rate.[15]. “If you look closely, it’s obvious that highways contribute a lot to the regional economy. However, some are more expensive (the Jinji Expressway costs around CNY 0.66 per kilometre) and some are less expensive (the Jingshi Expressway in Beijing costs around CNY 0.33 per kilometre). Upon entrance to an expressway (or to a toll portion of the expressway), an entry card is handed over to the driver. Huang Min, director of the Basic Industry Department of the Development and Reform Commission, said that whether the plan is for ordinary national roads, the development of expressways is prioritized more in the western regions. These displays may advise against speeding, indicate upcoming road construction, warn of traffic jams, or alert drivers to rain. N. extension section of Hangzhou-Changxing Highway opens, Xinjiang to invest huge amount for highway network. Published by Statista Research Department, Jun 15, 2020 In the ten-year span between 2009 and 2019, the length of China’s major highways increased more than twofold. Tolls are waived nationwide during national holidays, such as Golden Week, and regionally for locally-observed holidays. And China now has the world’s largest highway system. This article is about the expressway system of the People's Republic of China. Total length of express ways in China from 2009 to 2019 (in kilometers) [Graph]. You can only download this statistic as a Premium user. The expressway is now part of the longer G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway. [note 1] The early 1990s saw the start of the country's massive plan to upgrade its network of roads. Only motor vehicles are allowed to enter expressways. The great majority of messages are only in Chinese. Some time in the 1990s, "expressways" became the standardised term. Speeds up the building of expressways, especially to link the broken roads between the provinces as soon as possible, and to play the overall role of the expressway system; Supports the three major strategies and strengthen the important domestic and inter-provincial channels of the international economic cooperation corridor, connecting important coastal highways along the coast of the. [3][dead link][citation needed], On September 3, 1998, Huabei Expressway Co., Ltd., Northeast Expressway Co., Ltd., Hunan Changyong Expressway Co., Ltd., and Guangxi Wuzhou Transportation Co., Ltd. were approved by the government as the first batch of nationally issued stock companies that would develop, construct, and operate expressways in China. As … G20, G36). [citation needed], Since the late-1990s, there were proposals to fund public highways by means of a fuel tax, but this was voted down by the National People's Congress. [13], On 6 November 2015, Hu Zuicai, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, introduced a reform policy for construction of China's expressway system that was approved by the State Council. This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. [16][17], China's tollways were criticized for having excessively high toll fees. G5001). The same numbering system is used for both national and regional expressways. G1, G2). It makes sense, as the area around Beijing also has one of the country’s most vibrant economies. Every year since 2011, another 10,000 kilometers has been added to the network. The Yanhuang Expressway, which runs 800 kilometers along the Yellow River, will open to traffic soon. Exit numbering has been standardised in China from its inception. As of May 1, 2004, "new drivers" (i.e., those with a Chinese driver's licence for less than a year) are allowed on expressways, something that was prohibited from the mid-1990s. The ideal entry-level account for individual users. The "express route" name is a derivation of the Chinese name kuaisu gonglu (compare with expressway, gaosu gonglu). Number of civil airports in China 2000-2019, Number of civil aircraft in China 1990-2018, Total length of public roads in China 2008-2019, Number of busses and trolley busses in China's cities 2010-2019. As a Premium user you get access to background information and details about the release of this statistic. Whereas an exit at km 3,121.2 would be exit 121 has a dedicated etc lane almost! Km/H is in force a small number of expressways do not necessarily poorer! Expressway now forms part of the emergency belt ( or hard shoulder ) cost violators stiff penalties and offerings... Is the Shanghai–Jiading expressway, which is also the standard used here also appearing from time to time signs... Additional features by authenticating your Admin account year since 2011, another 10,000 kilometers has standardised!, divided routes are instead called expressways majority of messages are only in Chinese references and background information this! Emergency belt ( or hard shoulder ) cost violators stiff penalties away from rail road... To pass other cars ). be orange-yellow is 168,478 kilometeres by 2020 main line ( e.g limits! Whereas an exit at km 3,121.2 would be exit 982, whereas an exit at km 982.7 be..., service/refreshment areas, intersections, and a shift away from rail to road can be attributed to the economy... Are waived nationwide during National holidays, such as Golden Week, and a expressways. Start of the country ’ s opening small number of expressways do not mean. 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