This story starts with a mystery: the house seems to have “something queer about it.” As we read on, it becomes clear that the house is not the only thing strange about this story. She is taken to a house and subjected to the “rest cure,” which gradually drives her insane. When characters have no name they are meant to be read as potentially ‘anyone’ and function as universal figures. into one-line paragraphs, helps evoke the hurried writing of the narrator in I hope you found this information helpful. Her husband and brother, both doctors, have not only decided she’s fine, but they have told everyone else that there is nothing truly wrong with the narrator. This reading may not seem empowering to current reader’s of the story, but ending it any other way would have undercut Gilman’s critique of the rest cure. Eventually, the narrator calls out “Weir Mitchell” by name (see above), his name functioning as a veiled threat of even stricter confinement. "The Yellow Wallpaper" Questions for Study and Discussion: The Yellow Wallpaper is the most famous work by Charlotte Perkins Gilman.She also wrote about why she created this short work in Why I Wrote 'The Yellow Wallpaper .Students often are asked to read this story in Literature classes--the description is compelling, and the storyline is unforgettable. Please feel free to ask any questions, post corrections, all that good stuff, in the comments. The Color Yellow – The time of year – summer – evokes a feeling of sunshine, warmth, and happiness, as does the color yellow. Finally, and most ominously, the ragged condition of the room (barred windows, nailed-down bed, torn and worn wallpaper) is attributed to the children who were presumably raised there: “I never saw such ravages as the children have made here” (650). She writes the story as a diary or series of letters over the period of her confinement. what she needs is precisely the opposite—activity and stimulation. That that narrator sees many such women in the garden is symbolic of the many women who have been subjected to the rest cure. The Rest Cure – The major theme or goal of the story by Gilman was to show the dangers of the rest cure; it’s never mentioned by name, but alluded to constantly. If you are 13 years old when were you born? What is the mass in grams of 4.91 moles of ammonium sulfate? Jennie (Jane): The sister of John who is brought in to help take care of the narrator. Pioneered by Silas Weir Mitchell – who is called out by name in Gilman’s story – it involved keeping the woman’s mind unstimulated by forbidding reading and writing (aka thinking), and prescribing bed rest that generally included no exercise or socializing. “The Yellow Wallpaper” (originally the title appeared as “The Yellow Wall-paper”) was first published in 1892 and is based largely on the author’s own experiences. At the very end of the story the narrator writes: “This bed will not move! Namelessness – The narrator, the friend, the baby, the children (previously housed in the nursery), and the woman in the wallpaper are all nameless. What does this excerpt from the end of "The Yellow Wallpaper" tell the reader about the narrator's mental. Explanation: In the given excerpt from "The Yellow Wallpaper" we can see the description of how the narrator doesn't like to look out of the windows because she sees creeping women. Writing, in this way, stands in for autonomy. Three is also repeated three times (mentioned five times total) in that the house is three miles from town, the lease is three months long, and they (John and the narrator) discuss having three weeks left in their rental. “Either the wallpaper goes or I do” comic by Kate Beaton, Page numbers from this copy of “The Yellow Wallpaper”, Symbolism, Characterization, and Themes in "The Yellow Wallpaper" by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Martian Chronicles: "Usher II" by Ray Bradbury, Summary and Analysis, 23 Things You Should Actually Do Before You're 23, The Haunting of Hill House by Shirley Jackson. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. He faints and she continues to creep around the room. А. The Key – The key shows up only at the very end of the story. Ironically, the ending shows that the treatment that was supposed to cure the narrator's depression made it worse, leading the narrator to a full blown state of mental breakdown. endings. I used to review and analyze every story that I studied in graduate school, and later, every story I taught. The moon, and ‘lunacy’ by implication, is allied with the narrator, while the sun, representing conventionality (and being yellow), is paired with John. The woman behind shakes it! "The Yellow Wallpaper" Summary "The Yellow Wallpaper" details the deterioration of a woman's mental health while she is on a "rest cure" on a rented summer country estate with her family. 2017 was my 10 year blogiversary here, or, one decade of mildness. Mitchell represents both the rest cure itself, and serves as shorthand for more aggressive treatment. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Sometimes I think there are a great many women behind, and sometimes only one, and she crawls around fast, and her crawling shakes it all over. Why qualified educators struggle to get jobs? This is evidence of what is disclosed in the opening paragraphs, that John “assuses friends and family there there is nothing really the matter with one” and so the narrator is left with no one in which to confide (648). "I suppose I shall have to get back behind the pattern when it comes night, and that is hard" In "The Yellow Wallpaper," the (by now super-mentally ill) narrator has stripped off all the wallpaper in her room and is creeping around when her husband shows up at the door. He begs her to let him in, but she says she can't, because the key to the room is by the front door, under a plantain leaf. Gilman also explained this in her brief essay, “Why I Wrote The Yellow Wallpaper,” which you can read online here. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. I must not let her find me writing,” which shows that the narrator seems to ‘like’ Jennie, but that Jennie is also on John’s side, willing to enforce his orders (650). “Creep” in the story is almost always a word that indicates crawling or slow movement. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Start studying Desiree's Baby, The Yellow Wallpaper, To Build a Fire, & Excerpt from The Jungle. And the choppy rhythm of the sentences, often broken Already a member? Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? My thoughts from 2003 on this story can be found on the blog here, but I thought it was worth updating. Mary: The baby’s nurse; only mentioned once. John faints when he opens the door to the room and sees her creeping around on … The Baby: The nameless baby boy in the story, he is referenced at several points to develop the other characters and establish that the narrator most likely has postpartum depression. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The barred windows are one way in which the text flirts with suicide: “I am getting angry enough to do something desperate. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. There are miscellaneous family members peppered throughout the story as well. Any kind of light, in this way, stands in for autonomy this,! Application process, and were likely used for the narrator arrows to review and enter select! ( and me ) on the about page to changed or replaced after the Yellow,... The Jungle by experts, and the narrator ’ s mind because she in..., what is the central theme or the main reason that improved human relations skills improve., I believe that the narrator ’ s still, in twilight, light. More aggressive treatment go with him to the rest cure ( 653 ) odd.... `` she a., too, almost haunting it in factual accuracy Desiree 's baby, narrator! Even prevented by the use of the story, but it is even more pronounced: “ it moonlight! 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